Are you looking to explore the history of Mongolia through the ages? There are a number of historical monuments in Mongolia including the time-honored buildings, palaces, and parks where you can learn about the glorious past of Mongolia. The presence of these historical sites and museums will take you on a walk through Mongolia‘s rich history. If you are willing to have in-depth historical information about Mongolia, we recommend that you take a wonderful guided tour to cover the major historical attractions. Also, check the opening and closing time for each so that you can organize your time. Make sure that you go through the complete list of important monuments in Mongolia for a great trip:
List of Monuments in Mongolia
1. Genghis Khan Statue Complex
Fifty-four kilometers from the capital Ulaanbaatar, a giant statue of Khan riding a horse was erected in 2008. At forty meters high, it stands more than double the height of the previous record holder in Uruguay and is the world’s largest equestrian statue. Made from two hundred and fifty tons of stainless steel, it reputedly cost $4.1 million to construct. Visitors can visit an archaeological museum at the base of the statue, try on traditional Mongolian costumes, tour the numerous portraits of the Khan lineage, or try the cuisine at the restaurant on the second floor.
Genghis Khan is known as a brutal and savage dictator, whose campaigns of terror and wholesale massacre of civilian populations may have resulted in the deaths of up to forty million people. But to the people of Mongolia, he is revered as a national hero, ruling over the largest contiguous empire in history and establishing the Mongols as a political and cultural force.
Despite being represented on dozens of statues and appearing on everything from bottles of liquor to cigarette packets, it seems that the public’s appetite for more has not yet waned.
The foundation of this popular monument in Mongolia, designed to look like European Gothic style architecture, symbolizes that Genghis Khan is standing on Europe after his successful military campaigns, and he is returning East, his home country. You will see a small statue of his mother greeting him if you stretch your eyes to the East.
Address: Genghis Khan Statue Complex, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
2. Zaisan Memorial
Historic Zaisan hill is a steep hill that sits between Ulaanbaatar city and sacred Bogd Khan mountain. Zaisan hill was used to be a secret meeting point for Mongolian revolutionists who led the Mongolian Revolution of 1911, according to a legend. In 1971, the Soviets built a memorial, on top of Zaisan hill in the memory of Russian and Mongolian soldiers who lost their lives during WWII. Furthermore, this famous monument in Mongolia symbolizes the political friendship between Mongolian and Russian.
A 27 m tall statue of Russian soldier holding a flag with the red army’s symbol on top is the most magnificent part of the memorial. On the back of the soldier, a 600 m circular wall lifted from the ground representing historic murals inside. Over 600 steep stairs lead to the memorial and one who made the climb deserves a stunning panoramic view of Ulaanbaatar city.
Address: Zaisan Memorial, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
3. Handdorzh Monument
The monument is dedicated to Prince M. Handdorzh who was a Mongolian political and diplomatic leader. The height of the statue is 2.5 m; with a pedestal – almost 5 m. This important monument in Mongolia is located in the capital district of Sukhe Bator, near the house of Handdorzh, in which the Museum of the History of the Diplomatic Service is organized. The initiative to create a monument to Prince Handdorzh, the founder of the Mongolian diplomatic service, belonged to the Chinwan Handdorge Society, which partially provided funds for its manufacture; the rest of the funds were provided by the government of Ulan Bator. G. Enkhtur created this sculpture created by help of the Mongolian Artistic Casting company, and its opening was timed to the centenary of Mongolian independence. The opening ceremony was attended by Foreign Minister G. Zandanshatar, Minister of Culture Y. Ogonbayar like public and political figures.
Address: Handdorzh Monument, Ulaanbaatar Mongolia.
4. Imperial Map Monument
Imperial Map Monument also is known as Monument for the Mongol States and King’s Monument. On a hill overlooking the town of Kharkhorin, it was built in 2004. With nine poles protruding from the top, the monument consists of a large pile of stones (a shamanic ovoo) carefully assembled in the shape of a cone, approximately the same size as a tepee. This structure is surrounded by three walls representing three sections of a circle and mounted on a stone-and-concrete platform. The out shell of these walls features three colorful mosaics depicting three maps, one for each of the empires.
First, there was the Xiongnu Empire, a confederation of nomadic tribes living in the steppes from around the 3rd century BCE to the 1st century CE. Second, the Turkic Khaganate Empire, established by the Göktürks in 682 and lasting only until 744. Finally, and famously, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire of the 13th and 14th centuries.
From this iconic monument in Mongolia you can take a view of this modern town of Kharkhorin and the Orkhon River, and collection of dirt roads and low-rise buildings. On the east side of the Orkhon River, the monument is a roughly a 10-minute drive from the more easily located Erdene Zuu Monastery.
Address: Imperial Map Monument, Kharkhorin, Mongolia.
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5. Monument to Natsagdorzh
Monument to Natsagdorzh is a monument dedicated to the founder of modern Mongolian literature D. Natsagdorzh. The image of the poet is emotional and expressive, the sharpness of the handwriting and the freshness of the search that distinguish the work of L. Makhvala manifested in the sculpture. This one of the top monuments in Mongolia is a sculpture of Natsagdorzh dressed in a traditional deli and sitting with a pencil and paper in his hands in the traditional pose of the scribe. On the pedestal of the monument there are bas-reliefs depicting scenes from the first Mongolian national opera “Among the Sad Mountains”, the libretto of which was written by Natsagdorzh.
On the front of the pedestal, the initial stanza of his poem “My Homeland” is engraved. On October 21, 2013, a bronze sculpture of the first poet of the People’s Mongolia, D. Natsagdorzh was moved from the park area to the square in front of the Ulaanbaatar Hotel, it is the same place where the monument to V. I. Lenin used to be. Previously, the monument was located next to the former exhibition complex in the territory of the children’s park “Friendship”.
Address: Monument to Natsagdorzh, Ulaanbaatar Mongolia.
6. Beatles Monument
Near the State Department store set in a small square the monument marks the place where young Mongolians would assemble and listen to forbidden Western music and discuss ideas of freedom and democracy in Communist times. To fight for their democracy, the Beatles’ music is even credited with inspiring Mongolians. You’ll see bas-reliefs of the four Beatles on one side of this old monument in Mongolia. Head to the other side, and you’ll uncover a depiction of a young man sitting on some stairs, strumming a guitar.
This depiction of youth pays tribute to the many Mongolian youths who grew up in the 1960s and 1970s and were inspired by the iconic group. In 2017, locals took to the streets to save the monument, which had been slated for demolition. Their protests paid off, and the monument still stands today. You can walk by it at any time for free as it’s located in a public space.
Address: Beatles Monument, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
7. Monument to Sukhbaatar
Sukhe Bator was the leader of the people’s revolution in Mongolia in 1921, and the monument to Sukhbaatar is installed on the central square of Ulan Bator. Sukhe Bator is mounted on a horse in the vestments of Commander-in-Chief. The right hand is raised up. According to Buddhist art, there are snow lions at the pedestal on which the phrase from the speech of the leader is engraved. The project, which would fully respond to the requests of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the MPRP (Mongolian People’s Party), was being chosen for a very long time. The first statue was made by a Soviet artist named K.I. Pomerantse and it was soon transferred to the Military Museum.
During the manufacture of this national monument in Mongolia serious difficulties appeared. In the capital of Mongolia there was not such a large workshop to accommodate such a figure. The material from which the monument to Sukhbaatar was made had to be brought from other cities. However, the work was completed on time and established on the 25th anniversary of the People’s Revolution.
Address: Monument to Sukhbaatar, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
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8. Buddha Statue & Park
On the initiative of Gurdavaa Renbuchi, Minister of Nature and Environment, the statue of a young Buddha erected near Zaisan Hill. Barsbold and Korean Huaran Khambo Lama. The height of this historical monument in Mongolia is 18 meters; the total height of the pedestal is 23 meters.
In the center of the pedestal there is an image of blooming lotus flowers, in the center is a symbol of the capital of Mongolia, a mythical bird – Hangarde with spread wings. In South Korea, there are more than 100 statues of various shapes and sizes created from the material – ylayt, of which the highest is 56 m. The resistance of such material to various natural phenomena makes it possible to update the statue color only once every 7-8 years.
Dedicated to the heritage of Undur gegeen Zanabazar, the pedestal houses the building where a religious and cultural center was created. Here are collected his works of various genres. To the left and to the right of the statue of Buddha there is a large bronze bell and a drum. Currently, Buddha Park has become one of the favorite places for recreation.
Address: Buddha Statue & Park, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
So far we have discussed the best monuments in Mongolia, which contains the proper information regarding all the most visited monuments in Mongolia. I hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about Mongolia then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about.