The Holy Country of Israel is the most significant for Muslims, Christians, and Jews. It is almost certainly the best-known religious city on Earth. You will find many monuments in Israel because of this city itself rich in culture and history. Any single place you can find such religious monuments in Israel sacred to not just one, but three major world religions: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. This compact ancient country, surrounded by a wall more than 100 years, and home to one that is among the holiest of Jewish sites, never fails to amaze tourists across the world with the extraordinary religious history contained and very much alive within. Here are some important monuments in Israel:
List of Monuments in Israel
1. Temple Mount
This holiest monument in Israel of significance to both Muslims and Jews. This is the place where the 2,000-year-old Western Wall, part of one of the two original temples that once sat on this site, still stands. Also known as the Noble Sanctuary, highlights at the Temple Mount include the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. For Jews, this is where the world was created while the Temple is also mentioned in the Koran and the New Testament.
Address: Temple of Mount, Jerusalem, Israel.
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2. Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Christians gather here for services and liturgies, it is also a site of pilgrimage. It was built at the end of the ‘Way of Pain’ and consists of various chapels. Some of those chapels house tombs, the landmark that is the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is hailed by a number of churches to be the site where Jesus was buried. The historical monument in Israel was formerly occupied by a basilica constructed by Constantine in the 4th century, but construction on today’s site commenced in the Crusade era after the basilica was razed by the Persians.
Address: Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, Israel.
3. Dome of the Rock
Islamic followers across the world believe that this is the place where Mohammed ascended to heaven and it is the famous monuments in Israel where Abraham chose to sacrifice his son, this iconic building has great significance to Muslims as well as Christians alike and it is one of Israel’s most visited landmarks. Constructed in 691 AD by Abd el-Malek, the structure’s golden dome is visible across the city. It is said that the Dome of the Rock was converted from an Islamic building into a Christian church.
Address: Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, Israel.
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4. Chapel of the Ascension
This well-visited spot has been commemorated with a pretty octagonal-shaped chapel, thought by Christians to be the site where Christ ascended to heaven. During Israel’s Islamic period, the Chapel of the Ascension was converted into a mosque. If you are exploring this monument of Israel you may also pay a visit to the nearby burial site of the Christian Saint Pelagia.
Address: Mount of Olives, Al-Tur Village, Israel.
5. Tomb of Virgin Mary
The Tomb of Virgin Mary is one of the most famous monuments in Israel amongst all. Protecting the sacred tomb of the Virgin Mary is a church, just one of a series of landmarks that have sat on this spot to shelter the 1st-century tomb below. Tourists across the world can also access the beautiful Tomb of the Virgin Mary via 50 steps. It also provides passage to the resting site of Queen Melisende and a chapel built in commemoration of Mary’s parents.
Address: Tomb of Virgin Mary, El-Mansuriya, Israel.
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6. Homage to Jerusalem
Created by Alexander Calder (1898-1976), Homage to Jerusalem was the last great outdoor sculpture, one of the most acclaimed and influential sculptors of that time. Calder’s outdoor sculptures, which were created on a grand scale from bolted sheet steel grace public plazas in cities throughout the world. Homage to Jerusalem is a red-painted, multi-arched sculpture that frames the Judean Hills. Calder called the sculpture a stable, in contrast to his well-known mobiles. He conceived the work on his visit to Jerusalem in 1975 and, after returning to his studio in Sachse, France, chose the precise location and angle at which he wanted the sculpture erected. This must see monument in Israel has a light, open side, with high arches through which one views the panorama, and a sealed, heavy side that reminds one of an animal’s tail.
Address: Rehov Kiryat, HaYovel Mount Herzl, Jerusalem Israel.
7. The Western Wall
On the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, the Western Wall is also located and counted in the holiest place in the world for the Jewish people. It is the last remaining section of the Second Temple, which was built as an extension to the temple by King Herod in 20 BCE. Everyone can pay a visit here in this top monument in Israel and any visitors should dress modestly whether they be Jewish or not. It is customary for visitors to write a prayer on a piece of paper and place it in the crevices of the wall. You can enter the wall alone or you can go with a guided tour, and also explore the excavation sites and tunnels beneath the Western Wall.
Address: The Western Wall, Western Wall Plaza Jewish Quarter, Israel.
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8. Central City Sites
Central City Sites is known as one of the iconic monuments in Israel. After crossing the way through northeast from Bar Kochba Square, you can reach the Russian Compound that is wholly dominated by the green-domed Russian Orthodox Cathedral. On the northeast side of the complex there was the Russian consulate and a hospice for women, and if you head the southwest of it there was a hospital, the mission house, and a large hospice for men. The buildings are now occupied by various government institutions and the reliefs of lions above the doorway recall the style of Lion of Judah that were borne by the Abyssinian dynasty, which traced its origins back to the Queen of Sheba.
Address: Central City Sites, Jerusalem, Israel.
9. Mount Zion
Just west of the Mount of Olives, Israel’s Zion Gate connects the Old City to Mount Zion and it is a place that holds sites that are sacred to Christians and Jews. The Tomb of King David is located also here and the Romanesque Crusader structure is also called the Coenaculum. If you are looking for one of the best monuments in Israel, you must visit it. Also on Mount Zion there is Dormition Abbey, which by Catholic tradition is the place where the Virgin Mary fell into an eternal sleep (Assumption of Mary). Keep in mind following these things: While visiting King David’s Tomb, definitely you’ll be asked to switch off your cellphones and if despite the warning you keep yours phone on, you will lose the signal as you approach the tomb.
Address: Mt Zion, Jerusalem, Israel.
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10. Old City Walls
The Old City fortifications date from the Ottoman period and nine magnificent gates at junctions within the wall’s length lead into it. The Damascus Gate or Lions’ Gate sometimes called St. Stephen’s Gate, and it is one of the most famous and popular monuments in Israel that leads onto the Mount of Olives outside the city walls. While Jaffa Gate is the main passageway for the Christian Quarter and Zion Gate is the main entry into the Jewish Quarter. Walking the wall ramparts is a wonderful way to experience the Old City and there are two sections that can be walked on: Jaffa Gate heading north to Lion’s Gate or Jaffa Gate heading south to Dung Gate.
Address: Old City Walls, Jerusalem, Israel.
11. Via Dolorosa
The Via Dolorosa is one of the beautiful monuments in Israel and the most sacred site to the Christian across the world. Of the 14 stations, which Christians have been walking for more than a thousand years, the most famous is the Praetorium where Jesus took up the cross and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Those walking the Via Dolorosa which means “way of sorrows” symbolically relive the moments of Christ’s Passion. If you’re walking the Via Dolorosa anytime between April and October, you can expect it to be hot, so be sure to wear a hat to protect you from the sun, and keep hydrated.
Address: Via Dolorosa Street, Dolorosa, Israel
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12. Belz Synagogue
The Belz Synagogue is the largest synagogue in the city of Jerusalem. It has a capacity to hold 6,000 worshippers and features a ritual bath, a Yeshivah, and a Rabbinical court, making it one of the city’s most prestigious landmarks, sites of worship and Jewish monuments in Jerusalem. On Fridays, visitors Jews can attend Shabbat services, the ark’s 100 Torah scrolls before or after services and admire the Czechoslovakian crystal chandeliers.
Address: Belz Synagogue, Binat Yisakhar, Israel.
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