One of the most popular continents in the world is the United Kingdom. It is also the dream destination for a lot of tourists for its beauty, grandeur and monuments in the UK With a great history behind it, it has a rich heritage and culture. The English countryside is one of the most peaceful places in the country. The most famous historical sites include the old castles in the countryside, Roman sites and the royal palaces. Make sure that you go through the complete list of historical sites in the United Kingdom for a great trip. The UK is incredible to plan your visit but I must tell you that you are not at all allowed to miss these topmost monuments in the UK from your list.
List of Historical Monuments in UK
1. Big Ben
Big Ben is referred to as the Great Bell of the clock that is situated at the north end of the Palace of Westminster. Its official name is Elizabeth Tower but also known as a clock tower. It is just beside the Houses of the parliament, a national monument in the UK. London is identified with Big Ben as an iconic building for a majority of visitors. It is the most recognizable clock in the entire world and it has been ticking 116 stories above since May 1859. It is also the second-largest four-faced chiming clock in the entire world. Only if the person fulfills all the criteria mentioned by the British government, a tour to Big Ben or Elizabeth Tower is possible and one must also have a contact of any MP to request a visit.
Address: Big Ben, London, UK.
Stonehenge is sure to take your breath away, a prehistoric monument located near Salisbury in Wiltshire. This most famous historic monument in the United Kingdom comprises a circular setting of standing stones and was added to the UNESCO’s List of World Heritage Sites in 1986. Some say it is a huge calendar, some think it to be a healing center, while some others see it as a burial ground. Surrounded by countless mysteries, Stonehenge is a place that will surely amaze you. Stonehenge is amongst the most famous sites in the world and any trip to the UK is incomplete without a visit to Stonehenge. It is said that it took over 30 million hours of labor to build this masterpiece. Don’t forget to capture the beauty of the place especially during sunrise and sunset when the stones flaunt many different hues. This historical place in the UK makes for a very impressive sight and is sure to mesmerize you. The opening and closing time of this monument was 1 Apr – 31 May; 1 Sept – 15 Oct; 16 Mar – 31 Mar: 9:30 am to 6 pm.1 Jun – 31Aug: 9 am to 7 pm.16 Oct – 15 Mar: 9:30 am to 4 pm. The entrance fee for Adult: £8 and child: £4.80.
Address: A344, Amesbury, Wiltshire SP4 7DE, United Kingdom.
3. Tower of London
Another one of beautiful monuments in the UK, the Tower of London is a remarkable fortress standing majestically on the North Bank of the River Thames. Tower of London houses several exhibits including the magnificent crown jewels and the coveted Koh-I-Noor and it is a highly significant part of UK’s history. Also worth a watch is the Ceremony of the Keys, the locking up of the towers, which has been performed every night from the past 800 years. Among foreign tourists, the ceremony is extremely popular as such; it is advised to book tickets well in advance.
Over the years the Tower of London has served as a castle, a palace, an observatory, storehouse and mint. Don’t be confused by the name; Tower of London actually refers to a huge castle complex formed after centuries of additions and alterations. The 900-year old complex is often identified with the striking White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name.
Address: Tower of London, London, UK.
4. Buckingham Palace
Without a visit to the Queen’s London home, your trip to London is incomplete. If you happen to be in London during the summers, you can tour the 19 State Rooms, magnificently decorated with some of the greatest treasures from the Royal collection. The Picture Gallery contains works by Rembrandt, Van Dyck and Canaletto. Be a part of the famous British ceremony of Changing the Guard that takes place outside this top landmark in the UK. It takes place daily from May to July and on alternate days from August to March at 11:30 am. Reach early so that you can catch this wonderful spectacle of the choreographed marching of the guards in their bright red uniforms and bearskin hats. Here are the opening and closing time: State Rooms – 9:30 am- 6:30 pm late July-late September; Queen’s Gallery – 10 am-5:30 pm Changing of the Guard: 11:30 am daily March-July; alternate days, weather permitting August-March. Entrance Fees are like Adults: £19, Under 17: £10.85, Under 5: Free, Family: £50 (2 adults and 3 children under 17).
Address: Spur Road, London SW1A 1AA UK.
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5. Edinburgh Castle
Located on the highest point of the city of Edinburgh and home to the Edinburgh Tattoo, the Edinburgh castle is a magnificent fortress. This important monument in the UK has continuously been in use for over 1000 years. Edinburgh Castle is the icon of the city and is world-famous. It is the number one tourist attraction in Scotland and has a complex history associated with it. The oldest part dates back from the 12th century while a part of it was erected in 150. Built after the first world war, the entire castle was completed with the war memorial. There is an audio guide tour facility for visitors.
Address: Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, UK.
6. Hampton Court Palace
Perched along the borough of Richmond along the River Thames in the central part of London is the famous and royally magnificent Hampton Court Palace. Split into Tudor Palace and the Baroque, with gardens, playground, and an art gallery, the royalty of the place is not lost on its visitors. This most famous monument in the UK is more than 500 year old and was built starting 1515 for Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, spending 200,000 crowns on the property, to make it the finest one in London back in the day. When he lost support and majority and later died, he was forced to give the Palace up to King Henry VIII, who resided there from 1529. The Great Hall and the Royal Tennis court were later made by orders from King Henry VIII.
Address: Hampton Court Palace, London, UK.
7. Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral is 300 years old and was the tallest building in the world of that era. For an unforgettable experience take a tour of the iconic building. One of the UK’s finest examples of Gothic Architecture; Lincoln Cathedral also owns one of only four remaining original copies of 1215 Magna Carta. How Lincoln Cathedral was taller than the Pyramids of Giza, visitors to the cathedral can learn from here after touring it and they also can hear the myth of the Lincoln cathedral. If you’re feeling energetic then guided tower tours of this religious monument in the UK offer spectacular 360-degree views across Lincolnshire and Lincoln cathedral. With a roof tour as well as finding a view of the Cathedral’s interior, you can study the intricate stained glass windows up close that will take your breath away.
Address: Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, UK.
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8. St Paul’s Cathedral
An awe-inspiring interior St. Paul’s Cathedral is most famous and attracts a lot of tourists. There is a touch screen multimedia guide that helps the tourists explore the iconic building and see some of the greatest tombs and memorials. It is a seat of the Bishop of London and an Anglican cathedral which is the mother church of the Diocese of London. At the highest point in the city, it is situated on Ludgate Hill. To experience the atmosphere of the famous whispering gallery, one can climb to the top of the iconic dome in order. The crypt which is the final resting place of the eminent figures can also be visited from the top. On a 270 degree screen, there is also a free film exhibition. This historic site in the UK is a working church and hourly prayers are held here on a daily basis.
Address: St Paul’s Cathedral, London, UK.
9. Tower Bridge
From the exhibition of Tower Bridge where one can know all about how the world’s most popular bridge works and the history behind the creation of it. One can also enjoy the panoramic views of the city. Built-in 1886, this iconic monument in the UK is a combined bascule and a suspension bridge in London constructed over the River Thames. It is close to Nowadays, the Tower of London and is an iconic symbol of London city. How and why it was built through various interactive videos and displays about the landmark, the Tower Bridge exhibition lets you know the history of the bridge.
The glass floor walkway of this bridge provides a unique experience for the visitors. One may also get a spectacular panoramic view over the river. Bascule bridge refers to those bridges which are lifted in order to allow the boats and the barges to pass. Also, experience the amazing view from the high-level walkway and notice the wealth of museums and historic buildings surrounding the Thames.
Address: Tower Bridge, London, UK.
10. Trafalgar Square
The lively Trafalgar Square is in many ways the center of London, playing host to a variety of activities including celebrations like the Royal Wedding, Olympics One-year-to-go celebrations, St. Patrick’s Day and Chinese New Year; filming and photography; and rallies and marches. At the center of this most popular monument in the UK is the 52 meters high Nelson’s Column, standing since 1843, and guarded by four gigantic lion statues at its base. Christmas in Trafalgar Square is an experience in itself with caroling and festive events centered around the majestic Christmas Tree, an annual gift from the people of Oslo, for British support during World War II as a token of gratitude.
Address: Trafalgar Square, London, UK.
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11. Blackpool Tower
Lookalike Eiffel Tower of Paris, the Blackpool tower is the major attraction in the town of Blackpool. The view from the top of the tower is mesmerizing and worth seeing. It is also one of the most famous towers in the UK. The most famous landmark in the city, the Blackpool Tower is a 158m high tower standing over Blackpool’s Golden Mile. This old monument in the UK is so imposing that not only can it be seen from the entire Blackpool, but it can also be seen from other neighboring cities.
The Blackpool Tower Circus is voted as the best circus in the UK and it takes place between the four legs of the tower. One can also get a 4D cinema experience here which is a short film on Blackpool. The Blackpool Tower Ballroom is an entertainment venue and hosts numerous events, also there is a Blackpool Tower Jungle Jim’s children’s indoor play just for the children.
12. York Minster, York
The Metropolitan Church of Saint Peter and Cathedral in York is called York Minster, it is the cathedral of York situated in the UK. This famous religious monument in the UK is the seat of Archbishop of York and is the mother church for the Province of York and the Diocese of York. The newest attraction here is a 2000-year-old heroic and human journey through chambers beneath the minster. There are free guided tours for the visitors as well in order to get to know the place in a much better way. One must surely attend the service as it is a working cathedral on a trip to York Minster. One can also experience the best view of the city from the Central Tower in the York Minster.
Address: York Minster, York, UK.
So far we have discussed the best monuments in the UK, which contains the proper information regarding all the top monuments in the UK. Hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about the United Kingdom then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about the United Kingdom.