Monuments of Delhi has a special place in the world forum. This capital city of India has the most famous historical sites. Delhi is so rich and diverse and has some excellent specimens of history in the form of monuments. These monuments in Delhi are either the interest of the Indian kings or the result of a long period of invasions and countrymen in building structures that can be remembered for long. In this article we are going to explore the most visited monuments in Delhi and also tell you top historical monuments in Delhi.
List of Monuments in Delhi
1. Humayun’s Tomb
Humayun’s Tomb, A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a stunning piece of Persian architecture. It was built in the Mughal era, commissioned in 1526, nine years after Humayun’s death, by his widow Hamida Banu Begum. This best monument in Delhi is made of red sandstone. With pools that are connected to canals, the tomb is in the center of Charbagh-style of gardens. A southern side and a western side, it has two entrances. The important aesthetics of Mughal architecture are the high central arch and the octagonal shape.
2. Lodi Gardens
The Lodi Gardens is one of the monuments in Delhi to visit. The Lodi Gardens has the tombs of Sikander Lodi and Muhammad Shah with monuments and tombs from the Lodi and the Sayyed dynasties. Many people for walking, jogging and exercise head to this garden in the mornings and evenings. During sunset, beautiful picnic spots, the tomb looks even more beautiful.
3. Jantar Mantar
The Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur constructed Jantar Mantar was constructed in 1724. With the purpose of accumulating astronomical occurrences and information to help predict the time and the movements of celestial bodies such as the sun, moon and other planets, It is essentially an observatory. various instruments such as the Samrat Yantra, Jayaprakash Yantra and the Misra Yantra that helped with predictions, The Jantar Mantar has all these. Raja Jai Singh constructed similar structures by the same name in Jaipur, Mathura, Ujjain, and Varanasi, after the construction of this historical monument in Delhi. The Jantar Mantar is a great place to visit for lovers of astronomy.
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4. India Gate
Situated in the heart of the city, India Gate is one of the most popular and British monuments in Delhi. It was designed by Edwin Lutyens. With lush green and well-manicured lawns around, the foundation of this historic structure was laid in 1920. It was unveiled in 1933 and dedicated to all the Indian soldiers of the British Army that were killed in World War I.
5. Coronation Durbar Park
The Coronation Memorial, also known as the Coronation Durbar Park, was the site of the Delhi Durbar in 1877 after Queen Victoria was declared the Empress of India. Later in 1903, this venue was used to celebrate King Edward’s assumption to the throne. In the year 1911, It was used again for the coronation of King George V. Now it has been restored to its past glory by the Government of Delhi and the National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage. But Earlier, these monuments in Delhi built by British park was not very well kept. Statue of King George V, you will find here.
6. Ajmeri Gate
A grand arch called the Ajmeri Gate located in the very congested Chandni Chowk area of Delhi. This grand entrance got its name because the road that ran through this gate led to Ajmer in Rajasthan, built on a square base. This historical monument in Delhi is surrounded by a beautiful park and a madrasa that was built in 1811 by the son of the first Nizam of Hyderabad, Nawab Ghaziuddin Bahadur.
7. Mehrauli Archaeological Park
The Mehrauli Archeological Park is spread over 200 acres of land in Mehrauli and it houses over a hundred truly significant structures. The recreation center has antiquated relics that go back to the hours of the Khalji Dynasty, the Tughlaq Dynasty, the Lodhi Dynasty, the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. This monument in south Delhi has been restored to reflect their original glory.
8. Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
Also known as The Raisina Hills, the Rashtrapati Bhavan in India has multi-dimensional grandeur. Having 34 rooms, Rashtrapati Bhavan is one of the important monuments in Delhi, it has an architecture that is simply breathtaking. It has marked its existence in the records for being the residence of the President of the largest democracy in the world more than this. In terms of its size, vastness, and its magnificence, it is a fact that quite a few official residential premises of the Head of the State in the world will match the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
9. Hauz Khas Village
For its designer boutiques, specialty restaurants and a popular complex in Delhi, Hauz Khas Village is essentially popular. This urban village houses an Islamic seminary. You will see here a mosque and a tomb constructed around a water tank. This monument of Delhi sultanate was once part of Siri, a historic city built by the Allauddin Khilji, a popular ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. Especially over the weekend, many people enjoy talking morning and evening walks around the water tank.
10. Khirki Masjid
A high ranking official in the court of Tugluq Sultan Firoz Shah located in Jahanpanah, the Khirki Masjid was commissioned by Khan-i Jahan Junan Shah. Spread over an area of 87 square meters, the mosque has derived its name from the Khirkis (windows) which adorn the upper floors. In the Khirki Masjid, there are four large courtyards that provide ample light and ventilation to the inner prayer halls of the mosques. This monument to see in Delhi is built on a raised platform and is square in shape and is divided into quarters.
11. Parliament House or Sansad Bhavan
Parliament House or Sansad Bhavan is one of the monuments to visit in Delhi. It was designed by British architect Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker, located at the end of Sansad Marg the Parliament Building. Lord Irwin, the then Governor-General of India inaugurated in 1927. The Parliament House comprises 98 feet in diameter central hall which is circular in shape. Since this is where the Indian Constitution was drafted the Central Hall is considered to be a very important part of the Parliament building. The Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and a library hall, the building houses. These three chambers lies a garden in between.
12. Raj Ghat
A list of the top 10 monuments in Delhi is incomplete without Raj Ghat. The spot where Gandhi was cremated, a black stone platform in an open-air complex marks. At one end of the platform, a flame constantly burns and visitors are required to remove their footwear before they enter Raj Ghat. Also close to the Raj Ghat, known as Shantinivas is the memorial of Jawaharlal Nehru.
13. Feroz Shah Kotla Fort
A fortress constructed by Sultan Feroz Shah, Feroz Shah Kotla Fort is a walled city named Ferozabad. When the Mughals decided to shift their capital from Tughlaqabad to Ferozabad, the fort came into being because of water scarcity. A list of monuments in Delhi can’t is left without it. The beautiful gardens, baolis (step wells) palaces, mosques, and madrassas the fort contained. Feroz Shah Kotla Fort is the 13 meters tall Ashoka Pillar, one of the most notable features of which stands upon a pyramid-like structure.
14. Khairul Manzil Masjid
The Khairul Manzil Masjid was built in 1561 by Maham Anga located opposite the Purana Qila. With the help of Shiha-bud-Din-Ahmad Khan, the mosque was built as an influential minister and relative of Maham Anga. This monument in old Delhi is constructed using rubble which has been coated with white plaster and has five high arches that lead to the main prayer hall. The massive gateway which has been constructed using red sandstone, the most impressive feature of the mosque.
15. Qila Rai Pithora
In the 12th century, the Qila Rai Pithora was constructed by Rajput ruler Prithviraj Chauhan. After the Chauhan Rajputs took over Delhi from the Tomar Rajputs then it was constructed. Includes the Lal Kot, which had been built in the 8th century by Tomar ruler Anang Pal I, the complex of the ancient monuments in Delhi India. Throughout the 12th and 13th centuries, it was from this fort that the Tomars, Chauhans and the Slave Dynasty ruled Delhi. Apart from the fort the complex also contains a statue of Prithvi Raj Chauhan. Presently, there is not much left of the fort and remains of the crumbling fort walls can be seen scattered through various parts of South Delhi such as Saket, Mehrauli and Qutub Complex.
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Located within the Red Fort, the Diwan-i-Khas, one of the monuments of Delhi Mughal period or the hall of private audiences, is where the Emperor would conduct meeting with heads of state and high ranking officials. The hall beautifully engraved is essentially a rectangular chamber with high arched openings. In the center of the Diwan-i-Khas would rest the famous Peacock Throne on which Shah Jahan would sit and preside over meetings. The Nahr-i-Behisht or the “Stream of Paradise ” would flow by center of the Diwan-i-Khas and the arches at the corner of the hall bore inscriptions from the lines of the famous 9th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi.
17. Qutub Minar
Built by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak in the year 1193, this 73-meter high tower is one of the monuments in Delhi sultanate period. The Qutub Minar was constructed to celebrate the Muslim supremacy in Delhi, built after the defeat of Delhi’s last Hindu ruler. With five levels and projecting balconies, it is the highest tower in India. Qutub Minar has three different types of architectural styles and the first three levels are made up of red sandstone and rest of marble and sandstone. The foundation of this Minar was led by Aibak, who only made the basement. Iltutmish added on three stories, later, and Firoz Shah Tuglak, who constructed the last two stories completed it. Quwwat-us-Islam Mosque has situated here the first mosque ever to be built in Delhi.
18. Safdarjung’s Tomb
The Safdarjung’s Tomb is the grave of Safdarjung. This garden tomb was built by his son Shuja-ud-Daula in the year 1753-54. Like the Moti Mahal, Jangli Mahal, and Badsha Pasand, it has several small awnings. The compound of the tomb also contains a library and a Madrasa that is being maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. With red sandstone and a white marble dome, this hidden monument in Delhi is built on a raised platform.
19. Isa Khan’s Tomb
Located in the same compound as the Humayun’s Tomb, Isa Khan’s Tomb. This was built in the 15th century. In the courts of Sher Shah Suri, Isa khan was an Afghan noble. This unknown monument in Delhi is very beautifully decorated with varnished tiles, ornate canopies and many verandas around. In Delhi, it is one of the oldest sunken garden style tombs.
20. Alai Darwaza
In 1311 AD, the Alai Darwaza was built by Allaudin Khilji. In the Qutub Minar compound, there is the main entrance from the south side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. The entrance was constructed using red sandstone and decorated with white marble. The walls have a beautiful inscription in the Nashk script. With beautiful arches and borders that look like lotus buds, This monument located in Delhi is one of the first buildings in India that was built using an Islamic architectural style.
Inside the Red Fort, the Diwan-i-Am is located where the Emperor would meet and address the common people. With stucco work, the hall is adorned and it contains gold columns. It is undoubtedly one of the top 10 monuments in Delhi. Many state gatherings and celebrations were celebrated here in the era of the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan.
22. Tomb of Imam Zamin
In the Qutub Complex, located near the Alai Darwaza, is the tomb of Imam Zamin, a well-known Turkestani Imam. The first Imam of the Quwwat-u-Islam Mosque is Imam Zamin. He lived in the Qutub Complex premises during the rule of Sikandar Lodi and came to Delhi in the 15th century. This heritage monument in Delhi is a small tomb built with sandstone on an octagonal base; the interiors are festooned with white plaster and intricate jaali work.
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23. Purana Qila (Old Fort)
One of the oldest forts in India and famous monuments in Delhi, the Purana Qila was built by the Afghan King, Sher Shah Suri. The Bada Darwaza, Humayun Gate, and the Talaqi Gate the fort has three entrances. All the gates were constructed using sandstone are double storey structures. The south and the north gate have beautiful pavilions, umbrellas, and balconies that add to the beauty and the grandeur of the fort.
24. Tughlaqabad Fort
Ghiyas-ud-din-Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughlaq Dynasty led the foundation of the Tughlaqabad Fort in 1321. This monument in south Delhi is a massive stone structure that has walls that are around 10 to 15 meters high. In the year 1327, This huge fort had 52 gates, 13 out of which still remain abandoned.
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