If you want to explore the history of Turkmenistan through the ages there are a number of historical monuments in Turkmenistan including the time-honored buildings, palaces, and parks where you can learn about the glorious past of Turkmenistan. The presence of these monuments of Turkmenistan will take you on a walk through the city’s rich history. If you are willing to have in-depth historical information about Turkmenistan, we recommend that you take a wonderful guided tour to cover the major historical attractions. Also, check the opening and closing time for each so that you can organize your time. Make sure that you go through the complete list of historical sites in Turkmenistan for a great trip:
List of Monuments in Turkmenistan
1. Darvaza Gas Crater
Darvaza gas Crater locally known as ‘Door to Hell’ or ‘Gates of Hell’ is a natural gas field that collapsed into an underground cavern located in Derweze, Turkmenistan. Geologists set it on fire to prevent the spread of methane gas, and since 1971 it is thought to have been burning continuously. The crater is a popular tourist attraction and one of the most visited landmarks of the country. Because of its in the Karakum Desert of central Turkmenistan, a little over 150 miles from the country’s capital, the pit, attracts hundreds of tourists each year. This important landmark in Turkmenistan also attracts nearby desert wildlife—reportedly, from time to time local spiders are seen plunging into the pit by the thousands, lured to their deaths by the glowing flames.
Address: Darvaza, Turkmenistan
2. Neutrality Monument
Neutrality Monument was a monument located in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. Known as Tripod due to the three-legged arc 75 meters tall, was built in 1998 on the order of Turkmenistan President Saparmurat Niyazov to commemorate the country’s official position of neutrality. Inside this famous monument in Turkmenistan, there is the Museum of Neutrality devoted to pages of the recent history of Turkmenistan. The Monument of Neutrality is surrounded by a landscaped park zone with fountains, summerhouses, and cafes, and in the evening the gigantic structure shines in the lights of color local lighting.
Address: Bitaraplyk şaýoly, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
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3. Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque
Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque is located about 7 kilometers west of the Ashgabat city center. With a mausoleum in preparation for the death of President Saparmurat Niyazov, it was built in the home town of him. The mosque has been at the center of controversy as scriptures from both the Quran and the Ruhnama are built into the walls. The structure of this beautiful monument in Turkmenistan itself is built in white marble to fit the rest of the modern architecture of Turkmenistan. Friday is an ordinary working day, which unfortunately means that the mosque is not used as much as other mosques so the mosque holds Friday prayers on par with all other mosques worldwide – however, the Turkmen do not follow the Islamic calendar. Turkmenbashi Mausoleum is located next to the building where the aforementioned president is buried.
Address: M37, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
4. Ruhyyet Palace
Ruhyyet Palace is a palace in the capital, Ashgabat in Turkmenistan, built by the French company Bouygues. The palace holds official state events, forums, meetings, and inaugurations. The 2800 people can easily accommodate in the auditorium in the Ruhyyet Palace. This popular monument in Turkmenistan has harmonically fitted into the emerging architectural ensemble of the provincial center along with the building of State Drama Theatre named after Kemine and the Murgap valley’s biggest mosque which is currently being erected there.
Address: Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
5. Konye Urgench
Konye Urgench is located on the left bank of the Daria River in the western part of Turkmenistan. It used to be the capital city of the Khorezm Region and was destroyed by Ghengis Khan and water. But, irrespective of its past, the old town still remains strong with sites like Soltan Tekes mausoleum and Gutluk Temir Minaret. This historical landmark in Turkmenistan was the ancient capital of the Khorezm culture and one of the most important cities on the Silk Road in medieval times. After large-scale massacres and destruction by Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, the city was abandoned. The remains of Islamic architecture are a testament to the power of the city in ancient times.
Address: Konye Urgench, Khorezm Region, Turkmenistan
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Merv is now known as Mary who was founded in the 6th century by Cyrus. It used to be an important archaeological site on the Silk Road, the part of old Persia. The town used to be alive with bustling cities and one of the largest cities in the world before the invasion of the Mongols which now remain as ruins. Among the foremost interesting historical monuments is the mausoleum of Sultan Sandzhar Dar-al-Akhir (1140 A.D.) whose name is connected to the prosperous period of the good Seljuk Empire. This historical site in Turkmenistan is nearly 40 m high.
Address: Merv, Turkmenistan.
The ancient city used to be an ancient settlement of the Iranian people. It was an important Parthian Empire in the city of Ashgabat which was completely destroyed by an earthquake that occurred in the first decade BC. The ruins of this top monument in Turkmenistan are now inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Old Nisa was the place where the palace and temple buildings were concentrated. They’ve also located a treasury, huge wine warehouse, and storerooms with numerous stocks. The fortress walls were strengthened with 43 rectangular towers and were 8-9 m thick in their base. Within the period when the Parthian Empire was a major power, Old Nisa was called Mitridatkert after the name of king Mitridate (171-138 BC) who ordered the creation of this city.
Address: Nisa, Turkmenistan
8. Ashgabat City
Ashgabat city is the capital city of Turkmenistan and one’s the country’s largest cities. This whole city considered one of the beautiful monuments in Turkmenistan is home to the famous and largest mosque in Central Asia which is popularly known by the name Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque. There are several attractions one can find in and around the city such as the Wedding Palace, Turkmen carpet museum, and many others.
Address: Ashgabat City, Turkmenistan
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The city is located near the Caspian Sea in western Turkmenistan which is supposed to be one of the most unusual cities in the country. There’s a lot of historical monuments in Turkmenistan that have survived in this city even though there’s not much of construction activity that’s taken place in the past till today.
Address: Dekhistan, Turkmenistan
Sarakhs is located in Ahal’s province which was an important oasis on the Silk Road. The tomb of Sufi Abul Faz also known as Serakhs baba is also located in the city. This important cultural monument in Turkmenistan was also a burial site of the famous Shiek Agmed Khady which goes by the name of Yarty Gumbez mausoleum.
Address: Sarakhs, Turkmenistan
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11. Abiverd Ancient Town
Abiverd Ancient Town is an archaeological site in Turkmenistan. It was created in the year 1993 and has a collection of over 200 objects in the region of Akhal. It’s a medieval town that is often cited along with the sources of Nisa, especially since the Arab conquest. There are ruins of Turkmen village, traces of Seljuk found in this region.
Address: Abiverd Ancient Town, Turkmenistan
12. Annau Archaeological Site
It’s on the Silk Road where the first excavations started in the year 1904. And, during this time there were many items found in the remnants such as remains of camels, children’s skeletons, pottery, and decorations, etc. From these remains of historical buildings in Turkmenistan, it is believed that it must have been the first place where camels were domesticated.
Address: Annau Archaeological Site, Annau, Turkmenistan
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