The historical monument Moscow begins its history from the beginning of the 19th century. Until that time, it was not customary to install memorials to specific individuals. In memory of significant events or prominent figures of the past temples were built, or crosses were erected. The word “monument” is the Russian version of the Latin “monumentum” (“moneo” means “to remind”). But in Russian traditions, the word “monument” is also used, which is more often used to designate a large monument erected in honor of a significant event. So we will discuss monuments to visit in Moscow:
List of Monuments in Moscow
1. Minin & Pozharsky Monument
Designed by Ivan Martos, the Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is a bronze statue and in front of Saint Basil’s Cathedral located on the Red Square in Moscow, Russia. This monument of Moscow is a statue of the person who gathered an all-Russian volunteer army and commemorates named Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin and under the command of King Sigismund III of Poland from Moscow expelled the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, thus putting an end to the Time of Troubles in 1612.
Read More: Guide to Reach the Red Square, Moscow
2. Saint Basil’s Cathedral
A stunning sight to behold, this former church is a symbol of the city. This monument in Moscow Russia consists of nine chapels, which are peaked with the onion-shaped, colorfully painted domes on the roof. A smaller, 10th chapel holds the crypt of the church’s namesake, Vasily (Basil) the Blessed. What makes St. Basil so unique is the architecture that looks so unusual that legend has it that the buildings were blindfolded during its construction in the 1550’s so that they couldn’t recreate anything else like it. The interiors of the chapels are covered with colorful paintings and ornate decorations that are a must-see.
3. Worker and Kolkhoz Woman
Worker and Kolkhoz Woman represents a well-preserved example of socialist realism featuring ubiquitous Soviet imagery. This famous monument in Moscow Russia was later relocated here. Stop by the sculpture, originally designed for the Soviet pavilion at the 1937 Paris World’s Fairrising to a height of more than 25 m (82 ft). The stainless steel representing the laborers and collective farm workers of the USSR and monument depicts a man and woman clutching their famous tools. Note that the figures are arranged so that their equipment forms the classic hammer-and-sickle symbol of the Communist Soviet government.
4. Central Moscow Hippodrome
This large racetrack once welcomed emperors and Russian imperials and has been in operation for almost 200 years. The current building dates to 1955 and is an impressive example of Stalinist architecture. The front of the Hippodrome is a long building which has a three-story tower topped with a horse-shaped belvedere on one end, and a colonnade on the other. The inside of this top monument in Moscow is just as impressive as the exterior. It has seats for over 3,500 spectators to watch horse racing during the summer and trotting races year-round.
5. Monument to Marshal Zhukov
Monument to Marshal Zhukov, riding a horse and trampling two Nazi symbols, the eagle and the swastika depicts a highly decorated World War II commander. Located near the Kremlin and the gates to Alexander Gardens, this best monument in Moscow is a popular meeting place.
Just a few kilometers away from the Red Square, you will find Kolomenskoye, a large museum-reserve full of original historic buildings, unlike some of the recreated places in Moscow. As well as a wooden church, there are two wooden fortresses that are incredibly rare to find in Russia. You can go inside these buildings to see how their inhabitants lived and look at the church’s ancient frescoes. The oldest building and monument around Moscow Russia that has continually existed at Kolomenskoye is the Ascension Church, which dates back to 1532. It is a stone church with a tall steeple built to commemorate the birth of Ivan the Terrible.
7. Ostankino Tower
The Ostankino Tower is a TV and radio tower that is the highest freestanding building in Europe. If you’re not afraid of heights, you’ll be excited to learn that you can go up into the tower and observe Moscow from a bird’s eye view! Be sure to book your ticket in advance, as only a certain amount of people are let in at any time. It is considered in one of the iconic monuments in Moscow. The lower observation deck is about 25 stories above the ground, and is open-air, so be prepared for some wind while you’re outside! The second observation deck is enclosed, but much higher100 stories off the ground! This level also has a glass floor that you can stand on that will make you feel like you’re flying! There is also a rotating restaurant which is a great place for a meal while peacefully watching the lights of Moscow.
8. Palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich
Looking at the intricate detail in the Palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, it’s hard to believe that this building is a recreation and not the original. This stunning wooden palace and most popular monument in Moscow is also located in Kolomenskoye, which was once a royal estate, and is one of the museum reserve’s most impressive buildings. It is a large wooden structure with green roofs and onion-shaped turrets. The original palace was built in 1667 and had a staggering 270 rooms. It fell into disrepair and was demolished in 1768, but like many Moscow landmarks, it was rebuilt in the 1990s. The reconstruction was based on archaeological and historical research, and it is a realistic replica to show visitors how a royal Russian family might have lived.
9. Moscow Kremlin
This fortified complex consists of buildings for many different purposes. The President’s Residence and administrative buildings are where the Russian government sits to this day, and are closed to the public. There are many other buildings in the Kremlin that are accessible to visitors, like the Armoury Chamber museum, which has over 4,000 exhibits. It is undoubtedly one of the most famous monuments in Moscow. Visitors can also tour Cathedral Square, which has four beautiful cathedrals. There are also two former palaces at the Kremlin: the Grand Kremlin Palace and the State Kremlin Palace, which are open for tours.
10. Bolshoi Theater
Bolshoi Theater in Moscow is a stunning neoclassical theater that has tall arches out front beneath a carved triangular pediment. Inside, your breath will be taken away by the theater’s wraparound balconies and huge chandelier. You might even be lucky enough to catch a performance by the Bolshoi Ballet, the world’s largest ballet company that calls this beautiful monument in Moscow their home.
11. Kazan Cathedral
When the Soviet government decided to demolish Kazan Cathedral in the 1930s, architect, and restorer P. Baranovsky smartly recorded measurements of this popular monument in Moscow before it was torn down. One of his former students arranged for the cathedral to be rebuilt in 1990, and the result is what we see today. They even recreated the Naryshkin Baroque design which utilizes contrasting colors like red, green, and white on the decorative arches. The Kazan Cathedral has flexible opening times and free admission, so be sure to add this church to your itinerary.
12. Cathedral of Christ the Savior
This soaring white structure with gold-plated domes is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world and it dominates the city’s skyline. It appears almost identical to the original church on this site, which was finished in 1883 only to be demolished several decades later in 1931. This ancient monument in Moscow was supposed to be replaced by the Palace of the Soviets, which was never constructed. Instead, after the fall of the Soviet Union, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was rebuilt in all its glory, and updated with modern building materials, air conditioning, and elevators. The only way to see the inside of this cathedral is on a guided tour, but the panoramic view of Moscow from an observation deck makes it even more worth visiting!
13. Monument to the Conquerors of Space
The Monument to the Conquerors of Space is a towering obelisk commemorating Russia’s accomplishments in space travel and the men and women who made them happen. This old monument in Moscow is a soaring structure of titanium that curves upward much like a rocket launching into the atmosphere. At its base is a memorial poem and at the top is a rocket, giving the effect that the entire obelisk is the exhaust from a spacecraft taking off. While you’re visiting the monument, stop by the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics nearby, which will give plenty of information about Russia’s history in spaceflight.
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