Are you looking to explore the history of Montenegro through the ages? There are a number of historical monuments in Montenegro including the time-honored buildings, palaces, and parks where you can learn about the glorious past of Montenegro. The presence of these historical sites and museums will take you on a walk through Montenegro‘s rich history. If you are willing to have in-depth historical information about Montenegro, we recommend that you take a wonderful guided tour to cover the major historical attractions. Also, check the opening and closing time for each so that you can organize your time. Make sure that you go through the complete list of important monuments in Montenegro for a great trip:
List of Monuments in Montenegro
1. Our Lady of the Rocks
Surrounded by mountains and the sea and located on a manmade islet on the beautiful Bay of Kotor, Our Lady of the Rocks church is a picturesque sight to behold. Though its exact history isn’t well documented, local legend has it that somewhere between the 14th and the 17th centuries a shipwreck caused a group of local fishermen to find an icon of the Virgin Mary with Child perched on a sea rock. Today, the Catholic church on-site houses a collection of sixty-eight paintings by the famous 17th-century Baroque artist Tripo Kokolja, including his most famous and important painting, ‘The Death of the Virgin’. This religious monument in Montenegro also houses a famous votive tapestry embroidered by Jacinta Kunić-Mijović from Perast. Kunić-Mijović took twenty-five years to finish the tapestry while waiting for her love to return from a long journey, in which time she eventually became blind. Bar the tragic love story weaved within it, as well as the use of gold and silver thread, what makes this tapestry quite so special, is the fact that she also embroidered her own hair into it. You can discover this captivating islet and its history for yourself by hopping onto one of the charming local small boats that act as a transfer service from Perast and other launch points around the bay.
Address: Island in Boka Bay, Perast, Kotor Municipality 85336 Montenegro.
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2. The Cathedral of Saint Tryphon
Another old monument in Montenegro is the Cathedral of Saint Tryphon, a Roman Catholic church first consecrated in 1166. Damaged in a fatal earthquake in 1667 and reconstructed only to experience another earthquake in 1997, this romantic cathedral tells a compelling story of human endeavor and perseverance in times of hardship. Constructed in the name of Saint Typhon, the third-century Christian martyr said to be the patron saint of the city, the building is designed in a mostly Romanesque style, with two Baroque bell towers added after the first earthquake. Step inside to view the wonderfully restored stone columns of the original church as well an intricate 12th-century silver altar, and visitors can view a number of historic icons and artworks dating back to the church’s foundation, telling the story of its journey through time.
Address: Trg Sv. Tripuna 336, Kotor, Kotor Municipality 85330 Montenegro
3. Mamula Fortress
If you are interested in abandoned buildings you will be captivated by the Mamula Fortress and its dark past. Located on the tiny, uninhabited island of Lastavica, just off the coast of Marista, the fortress was constructed by the Austrian Admiral Lazar Mamula in 1853 in order to protect against invading ships. Due to its secluded location surrounded by sea water, the important monument in Montenegro was used as a prison and concentration camp during World War II by Benito Mussolini’s fascist army. With over 2000 prisoners, the camp was packed full of men, women, and children from regions such as Dalmatia and Boka said to be enemies of the Italian occupying forces. Accessible by rowing boat, kayak, or by swimming, the island makes for a dark day of exploration and is a fascinating part of Montenegro’s recent history. There are various guided tours to the island run from the nearby town of Luštica, or from Prevlaka in Croatia during the summer months.
Address: Mamula Fortress, Lastavica, Montenegro.
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4. The Ostrog Monastery
A feat of architectural excellence, the Ostrog Monastery is a place renowned worldwide for both its man-made and natural beauty and one of Montenegro’s most visited tourist attractions. This Serbian Orthodox monastery was founded in 1773 and built almost vertically into the sheer face of the Ostrog cliffs, and was blessed by the bishop Saint Basil upon completion. The beautiful architecture of this monument may amaze you, and its two churches nestled within caves and painted with historical frescoes makes the Ostrog Monastery an unforgettable experience. It is a popular pilgrimage sight with a history of fires, thefts, and occupations. This ancient monument in Montenegro contains relics and riches left behind over the ages which to keep history alive have been carefully preserved. Take a stroll around the monks’ chambers of the lower and upper monasteries and feel the tranquility and peace of time before technology, before gazing out wistfully at the unbelievable birds-eye views of the surrounding countryside.
Address: Dabojevici, Danilovgrad Municipality Montenegro.
5. Ulcinj Castle
In terms of contemporary attraction, Ulcinj is known for its unique bar and restaurant scene, as well as being the home of the Southern Soul Festival. Southern Soul Festival is an intimate music festival taking on the town’s sandy beachfront place every year. If you are wishing to explore the city’s interesting historical sites as one of the oldest seaports in the Balkans, the best place to start is in Ulcinj Castle, also known as Ulcinj Old Town. Tucked onto a small peninsula which was previously a fortified village, this cozy and enclosed area of the city is inhabited during the Bronze Age. The surrounding area of this popular monument in Montenegro was once home to a number of civilizations, all of whom have again left their marks on the architecture. Demonstrating rustic examples of Cyclopean stone masonry in its buildings, walls, and citadels, a walk around the Old City is a captivating way to spend a day. To experience Montenegro’s past at its most picturesque, wander down the winding lanes and the narrow alleys.
Address: Ulcinj Castle, Ulcinj, Montenegro.
6. Stari Bar
During the Montenegrin–Ottoman War (1876–78), the old town of Bar was bombarded with heavy artillery, destroying most of the town. The Montenegrin then detonated an explosive in the Bar Aqueduct which cut off the town’s water supply, causing the Ottoman’s to finally surrender. In 1979, Montenegro experienced a huge earthquake, which once again destroyed the aqueduct, forcing the locals to move to the new seaside town of Bar. In recent years, restoration work has begun on the old town, although, with more than 240 buildings still in ruins, the city will never be inhabited again. Instead, it will be preserved as an open-air museum for people like us to wander its cobbled lanes, imagining how life played out in these streets hundreds of years ago. What makes this famous monument in Montenegro so important are all the different architectural styles found within the city, including Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance. During the Ottoman reign, Eastern features were added to the existing medieval architecture to make the city a real melting pot of cultural architecture.
Address: StaroBarska Carsija, Bar, Bar Municipality 85000 Montenegro.
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7. Kampana Tower
One of the most prominent Bastions on the fortification walls (13th to 14th century). This historical fortification was inscribed in the list of World Heritage Sites in 1979 and protected the medieval town of Kotor. Kampana Tower is a massive stone fortress and one of the first things to catch your attention from the parking lot just north of the city wall. This ancient monument in Montenegro forms a defensive point where the north wall (protected by the Scurda River) meets the west wall fronting the harbor. When the city walls were upgraded it was built in the 13th and 14th centuries. An angled stone skirt discouraged invaders from erecting scaling ladders and deflected cannon balls to minimize damage to the walls. Via a staircase near the north gate, Kampama Tower is easy to access. Views from the top include the River Scurda to the north, the Bay of Kotor the cruise ship dock to the west, and San Giovanni (St. John) mountain to the east. Along with the rest of the city wall and Fortress Giovanni Kampana, the tower is lit at night. It is open at all times, and there is no admission charge.
Address: Kotor, Kotor Municipality Montenegro.
8. The Budva Citadel
Overlooking the golden sands and glittering blue waters of the Adriatic sea, The Budva Citadel is an impressive site built on the edge of a cliffside, situated on the Southernmost tip of the city. The citadel was first established in the Middle Ages under the Roman empire, one of the oldest settlements in the Balkans. With typical Roman precision and attention to detail, the rustic stone building of the main structure is attached to the rest of the city’s fortifications by an intricate system of stone walls, first designed to provide lookout points for soldiers. It switched hands again during the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the citadel and its bulwarks were updated and rebuilt accordingly. A visit to the most popular monument in Montenegro is a true glimpse into Montenegro’s past and brings to light the melange of influences that make the country what it is today.
Address: Old Town, Budva, Budva Municipality, Montenegro.
So far we have discussed the best monuments in Montenegro, which contains the proper information regarding all the most visited monuments in Montenegro. I hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about Montenegro then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about.
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