Belarus may not sound like the most exciting of destinations, but if you closely look monuments of Belarus and read about this country there is much to see and do in this beautiful. Belarus is a country located at the heart of Europe with a great historical past. Belarus invites tourists to visit its landmarks and get immersed in the history and culture of Belarusian people. To celebrate the International Day for Monuments and Sites marked on 18 April, We will give you the top 15 Belarusian historical sites that offer a glimpse into the country’s past.
Belarus Monuments List
1. Kosava Castle
The Gothic Revival style castle would have looked quite natural in British landscapes; it didn’t look typical for Belarus in the early XIX century when it was built, and neither does it now. It is knowns as one of the top monuments in Belarus. The castle was built by Kazimir Puslouski, but his grandson Leon recklessly gambled it away. The building was burnt during the war. According to the plan made up in 2008, it’s supposed to be renovated: there will be a restaurant and wedding venue. Luckily, it’s still just a plan. A massive building has 12 towers: one for each month of the year. Summer towers are in the middle and they stand for the richest months. Switch on your imagination, because the castle interiors haven’t been preserved: you can’t see the Black Room for card games, the White Room faced with marble for fancy parties, or the Pink one for concerts. There are no 132 rooms already, and there’s no glass floor, under which bright fish swam.
Address: Ivatsevichy district, Kosava.
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2. National Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve Nesvizh
It is an ancient Belarusian town famous for historical monuments in Belarus and museums in Belarus. It is also home to a park complex placed and a magnificent palace on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Once it was the residence of the powerful Radzi family of Belarus. In terms of numbers, the crypt is Europe’s third after those of the Habsburgers and the Bourbons. The Nesvizh Town Hall is the oldest one in Belarus built in 1596.
Address: Nesvizh, Minsk Oblast
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3. The Palace Complex of the Sapegas in Ruzhany
Travel guides call the castle ruins ‘Belarusian Versailles’, but it’s not spectacular views or glamourous interior that you should come here for, but strong energy of the place. At the beginning of the 17th century, there was founded a castle and the chancellor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania Lew Sapega took part in it. So as to make life there not only comfortable but also secure, three massive defensive towers were added to the complex. Important state issues were discussed here, top managers of those times used to organize balls, also the Sapegas archive and the state treasury were kept in the castle. After the uprising of 1831 was defeated, the Sapegas left the residence and the castle turned into a textile factory. During World War I the ensemble was set to fire, but after World War II the idea of restoration was forgotten completely.
Address: Pruzhany district, Ruzhany
4. Brest Hero-Fortress
It is a massive defensive construction and an open-air museum of Soviet heroic monumental art and monuments in Belarus. The fortress was built in the 19th century and its history is pretty impressive. In 1596 Union of Brest was announced here, much later there was signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk that ended the participation of Soviet Russia in WWI. But the fortress became really famous after the heroic events of World War II, visit Famous Monuments in Bangladesh. Don’t break the history timeline: start at the Berestse Museum, the archeological excavations where you can explore the remains of the 11-12th-century buildings, streets, and even a few houses.
5. Jesus Collegium
Pinsk is the second after Hrodna Belarusian town with the most landmarks preserved. The building of collegium deserves special attention. Talented students were accepted there regardless of their families’ income. If you walk around the building, you’ll notice that it looks so much different: as a fortress from the river and like an open book from the backyard. Now it is a nice museum of Belarusian Polesie where you can see stuffed animals or have a sit on a wooden bicycle. Then along Lenina Street, there is the Franciscan monastery with the Madonna of Pinsk and cool magnets, Palace of Butrimovich, House of Orda, and the University of Polesie campus. The riverfront in town is 2.5 km long, enough space for walks with a beautiful view.
Address: Pinsk, 1, Leninskaya vulica
6. Mir Castle
Mir Castle is considered as one of the most important medieval sites in Belarus was supposed to become the residence of an aristocratic family Ilyinichys which began construction in the 16th century. Then the Radziwill family got the land and turned it into a merry multilayered cake. According to the legend, they also built an underground three-lane passage between Mir and their second residence, the Neswizh castle. Knyaz Mirsky was the last owner of the place. His father died under mysterious circumstances: he drowned in the moat he had ordered to dig. During Soviet times there was a labor association, then ghetto and camp for war prisoners in the years of occupation. In the 2000s the castle went through a major renovation, got plastic windows, a business center, and a hotel.
Address: Mir, 2, Chyrvonaarmeiskaya vulica
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7. Kalozha Church
Kalozha Church, or the Church of Sts. Boris and Gleb appeared on the pagan temple at Castle Hill in Hrodna already in the 11th century. It’s an Ancient Rus period building, although it was reconstructed. The church is not plastered, so you can look at all engineering solutions of those times. The church stands on an abrupt bank of the river Neman.
Address: Hrodna, 6, Kalozha vulica
8. Trinity Church in Gervyaty village
It’s the highest cathedral in Belarus, 61 m building having 24 floors and the only one created according to all neogothic canons and the most visited monuments in Belarus. It was erected at the site of a wooden church of the 16th century. A brickworks was organized for construction purposes only, and also eggs were collected from all over the neighborhood, which is not typical for Belarus. Make sure to attend the service, it’s in Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian, and go for a walk in the park, which is probably even cooler than the church, you must visit the monuments in Bahrain.
Address: Astravets district, Gervyaty village
9. Slonim Synagogue
The baroque synagogue of 1642 is one of the most ancient in the country. The half-ruined building has remained gorgeous inner finery. It is the most important historical sites in Belarus. The synagogue was gravely damaged during the Napoleonic war but was reconstructed quickly due to the Jewish community that was one of the most powerful in the country. There were 21 synagogues, and 70% of the population was Jewish at the end of the 20th century. In 2000 the building was brought back to the faithful but still, it wasn´t reconstructed. Be sure to look closely at the Torah ark, fretwork, and painting, which were preserved greatly.
Address: Slonim, 1, Savietskaya vulica
10. Castle in Navahrudak
Novogrudok is an ancient Belarusian town that was the first capital of Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The main sightseeing in the town is a ruined castle of the 12th century. It was ruined by the Swedes almost to the current state in six centuries after the first mention and famous monuments in Belarus. Only two walls have remained of the whole building. A charming view opens up on the Castle hill, the best place for a picnic. The memorial house of Adam Mitskevich who was born in Navahrudak is worth visiting. Be sure to visit Transfiguration Church and 500- year old Church of Saint Boris and Gleb, you must visit these monuments in Armenia.
11. Church of Saint Michael
It’s the biggest defensive church in Belarus and top historical monument in Belarus. A great impenetrable church was constructed in the 16th century. It looks like a real small castle with towers, loopholes in an inaccessible height, and thick walls. Also, pay attention to the gates remained since 1880. Within the walking distance of the church, there is a manor house of the 19 th that later was converted to an alcohol factory. By the way, there is a legend about the name of the village. The church was built by father and son. One day son fell down from the staging and died. That’s how the name of the village appeared. It’s possible to see a ledge above the entrance similar to the casket door that was made by the father in memory of his son.
Address: Zelva district, Synkavichy village
12. Chetvertinsky Manor
From the beginning, the castle was set to be a place for receiving guests of the Chetvertinsky family. This castle is known as the most unique monument in Belarus. The modernistic manner projected by a famous Italian architecture Marconi was built in the middle of a big park in 1908. The building has maintained an authentic staircase, tile, and some wallpaper. Chetvertinsky Manor is one of the most cinematic places in the country.
Address: Zeludok village, Schuchyn district
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13. Kreva Castle
Kreva Castle is the most picturesque ruin and important monument in Belarus. The castle was built in the 14th century. Those walls witnessed quite many things during the centuries. Duke Kestutis, the father of Vytautas, was killed there in 1382. The union between Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland was signed there in 1385. Kreva Castle negated the attack of the Tatars and the Muscovites in the 16th century. However, the castle wasn´t considered a good fortification and was abandoned in the 19 h century. The ruins were preserved in 1929 and weren´t changed until nowadays.
Address: Krevo, Belarus
14. Nesvizh Castle
Nesvizh became a family seat of the Radzivils, the main family in the history of Grand Duchy of Lithuania. For example, the King of Poland was a frequent guest and family members held a high position in the country. The series of palaces and gardens in Nesvizh occupy 90 hectares. You can find early renaissance, baroque, neoclassicism, and modernism in Nesvizh Castle. Ask to tell you the story about Bona Sforza´s revenge and golden full-length apostles.
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15. Gerard Manor
It’s a beautiful manor built in the Russian Revival style in a compulsory evacuation zone. The construction of the red brick building was funded by Nicolai Gerard, a Russian civil servant, and Finland governor-general, in the latter half of the 19th century. The manor is situated on the hill crossed with a moat, the bridge decorates the view. The park with rare species of trees has preserved as a wonderful silence there. If you’re looking for a place with no tourists, you should go there. By the way, you can get into the manor legally.
Address: Dobrush district, Demianki village
16. Slonim Synagogue
The baroque synagogue of 1642 is one of the most ancient in the country. The half-ruined building has remained gorgeous inner finery. It is the top architectural sites in Belarus. The synagogue was gravely damaged during the Napoleonic war but was reconstructed quickly due to the Jewish community that was one of the most powerful in the country. There were 21 synagogues, and 70% of the population was Jewish at the end of the 20th century. In 2000 the building was brought back to the faithful but still, it wasn´t reconstructed. Be sure to look closely at the Torah ark, fretwork, and painting, which were preserved greatly.
Address: Slonim, 1, Savietskaya vulica
So far we have discussed the famous monuments in Belarus, which contains the proper information regarding all the top monuments in Belarus. I hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about Belarus then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about Belarus.