The city possesses some truly outstanding European monuments and the sights and sounds of Vienna are quite memorable. The monuments in Vienna Austria are often serving as a reminder of the city’s past when it was the capital of the entire Austro-Hungarian Empire. The statues and monuments in Vienna Austria are easily explored by foot, by tram or by using the underground U-Bahn train network with sophisticated palaces and breathtaking architecture. The important monuments in Vienna rarely come more impressive which include iconic structures such as the St. Stephen’s Cathedral (St. Stephansdom), the Belvedere Palace (Schloss Belvedere), the Austrian Parliament Building (Parlament) and Imperial Palace (Hofburg). The Hofburg is always a particular favorite of many and visitors will be able to learn more about the lifestyle of Austrian Empress Elisabeth (Sissi), and even visit her very own 19th-century gymnasium. Read here about some of the best monuments in Vienna:
Monuments List of Vienna
1. Schloss Belvedere
This monument in Vienna is located within the 3rd District of Landstrasse and consists of two actual buildings, the Oberes Belvedere and Österreichische Galerie (Upper Belvedere and Austrian Gallery), and the Unteres Belvedere (Lower Belvedere). These two grand mansions stand at either end of a beautifully landscaped garden and each has much to offer, including museums and Austrian artworks, including the world-famous painting ‘The Kiss’ by local Austrian Symbolist painter, Gustav Klimt.
2. Hofburg Imperial Palace
The Hofburg Imperial Palace is a powerful landmark and for many, synonymous with Vienna. It is considered in one of the Austrian monuments in Vienna. Known all over Austria, the Hofburg was once part of the wealthy and powerful Habsburg family and has been used as a seat of the Austrian government for more than 700 years. Over the years, the Hofburg has been added to and updated, and this has resulted in a mixture of different architectural styles, which all seem to blend fairly successfully. The Austrian President is based here, along with many important local museums, the treasury (Schatzkammer) and the Imperial Library (Prunksaal).
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3. Altes Rathaus
The Altes Rathaus can be found within the very heart of Vienna, presiding over the Wipplinger Strasse. This monument to see in Vienna came into existence just over 500 years ago and exudes an unmistakable medieval grandeur. Situated directly opposite the Bohemian Chancery, the Old Town Hall contains a wealth of fascinating local artifacts and a well-known Baroque wall fountain (Andromeda Fountain), which splashes gently in the courtyard.
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4. St. Stephen’s Cathedral
St. Stephen’s Cathedral has long been one of the most famous monuments in Vienna and impressive landmarks and stands proudly within the Inner City, serving as a monument to the past. The Stephansdom is nothing short of a Gothic masterpiece and dates from the middle of the 12th century. Highlights include ornate, patterned roofs and a tall, latticework spire, which towers some 136 meters / 446 feet in height and plays an important part in the city’s skyline.
5. Heldenplatz (Heroes Square)
When you stand on this monument and memorials in Vienna name Heldenplatz and try to picture the crowds of literally thousands who once gathered here in 1938 to listen as Adolf Hitler addressed them, it is quite likely that you will experience a chill down your spine. Heldenplatz has become a famous local landmark for this reason alone and is conveniently close to the spreading parks of the Burggarten and the Volksgarten.
The Judenplatz ranks highly amongst the attractive of Vienna’s public plazas and marks the spot of a Jewish ghetto. Today, this top monument in Vienna is home to a number of Jewish-themed attractions, including the modern Holocaust Memorial (Holocaust Mahnmal), along with the Jewish cultural center and the Museum Judenplatz, which contains artifacts and information about a medieval synagogue which once stood on this very spot.
7. Austrian Parliament Building
One of the most magnificent monuments of Vienna, the palatial Parlament building is the official residence of the Austrian Parliament and is located on the southern side of the Rathausplatz and close to the many other grand buildings on Dr. Karl Renner’s Avenue. With the facade clearly being inspired by classical Greek temples, construction of the Parlament commenced in 1874 and lasted just under ten years. The Austrian Parliament Building comprises no less than 100 rooms and these include both the rooms of the Federal Council and the Chambers of the National Council.
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Close to the Hofburg, the Kaisergruft is located on the Neue Markt. This somewhat exclusive and ornate crypt has become a bizarre attraction and the bodies of almost 150 Austrian aristocrats remain here, including 30 past emperors and empresses. This famous monument in Vienna Austria is visited by literally thousands each year, who come to marvel at the freestanding tombs and beautiful sarcophagi.
9. Vienna State Opera House (Wiener Staatsoper)
The Vienna State Opera House has hosted many of the world’s most prominent composers, conductors, soloists, and dancers and One of the world’s largest and famous monuments in Vienna. Operatic and ballet performances are staged at least 300 times a year, fuelled by an obsession with music that goes as far back as 1625 when the first Viennese Court Opera was performed. The current massive Opera House was built in 1869 and is notable for its French Early Renaissance style, while interior highlights include a grand staircase leading to the first floor, the Schwind Foyer (named after its paintings of famous opera scenes), and the exquisite Tea Room with its valuable tapestries. Capable of accommodating an audience of 2,211 along with 110 musicians, the Opera House is also home to the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. The English language guided tours are available.
10. Karlskirche (St. Charles Church)
Dedicated to St. Charles Borromeo, a saint invoked during times of plague, Karlskirche (St. Charles Church) was built in 1737 and remains Vienna’s most important Baroque religious building. This historical monument in Vienna Austria is crowned by a magnificent 72-meter dome and is famous for its twin 33-meter Triumphal Pillars, based on Trajan’s Column in Rome, with their spiraling bands depicting scenes from the life of St. Charles. Also worth visiting is the Gardekirche, built-in 1763 in the city’s southern outer district as the church of the Imperial Hospital and later serving Polish congregations (of particular interest is the painting above the High Altar).
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