If you are planning vacations in Rome and are tired of researching from different sources? Here’s a complete guide to landmarks in Rome covering how to get there and around, when is the best time, things to do, wonderful museums and famous historic landmarks in Rome essential things you should know for your stay in this beautiful city. Today, Rome is the most populous and biggest city in Italy, located in the middle of the Italian peninsula, the city is easily accessible from most important places both in Italy and abroad. Fiumicino Airport is just 26-km south-west of Rome. It is the airport for both domestic and international air services. There are numerous places, attractions, and landmarks in Rome that are monitoring the unprecedented history of the city, and numerous developments are affirming a long-gone past. We will tell you about the Italian landmarks in Rome. Some are popular and others are not; in a wide range of locales, some are monstrous and others humble, however, they are all pieces of Rome’ and Italy’s history.
These are Top 10 Famous Landmarks in Rome
This enormous stone structure and landmark in Rome was once the venue for gladiator fights, prisoner executions and exotic animal exhibitions in the ancient times. More than 2000 gladiators were killed when the emperor Titus started the 100 days of games. For several years, the Colosseum entertained the Romans, 2000 years later, this imposing structure still stands after earthquakes and bombings. The Colosseum is also called the Flavian Amphitheatre, every year, about six million people visit this iconic building because it is a symbol of Rome. Such as the Basilica di San Clemente, Basilica di San Pietro in Vincoli and Arch of Constantine, Colosseum is also close to other popular attractions in Rome.
Address: Piazza del Colosseo, Rome, Italy.
2. Teatro Marcello
The Theatre of Marcellus was an ancient open-air theater that inspired from the Colosseum. However, the Colosseum is a circular auditorium while the Teatro Marcello is a semi-circular theatre. Originally this old landmark in Rome was commissioned by Julius Caesar, who was murdered before its construction began and finished by Emperor Augustus in 11BC. It was named for his nephew, Marcus Claudius Marcellus, who died at the age of 19, five years before it was finished. It is located near the Tiber River, it could hold up to 20,000 visitors at a time and was a fabulous structure at its time. With columns, ramps, arches, and tunnels, it shows the finest ancient Roman skill and artistry.
Address: Via del Teatro di Marcello, 00186 Roma RM, Italy.
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3. Trevi Fountain
Trevi Fountain has become a tradition to throw coins into the water over your shoulder for good luck although trying to do so next to hundreds of other tourists might prove difficult. This landmark to see in Rome is located in close proximity to the Pantheon and Quirinale palace, this fountain should not be passed upon when walking through the streets of Rome. There are not many other fountains like the Trevi fountain in the world as lavishly decorated and sculptured. It was constructed in 1762 by Nicola Salvi. This fountain pays tribute to the Roman God Oceanus who can be seen riding his chariot pulled by Tritons and taming several Hippocampus.
Address: Piazza di Trevi, 00187 Roma RM, Italy.
4. Spanish Steps
This historical landmark in Rome Italy located in the Piazza di Spagna and Piazza Trinità Dei Monti, the 135 Spanish Steps were constructed in 1725 to span the gap and slope between these two popular squares. Each of the 135 steps features a wide stone ledge and are framed by stone walls. At the top of the steps, you can find a large crucifix obelisk and many inscriptions carved into the stone. The Piazza di Spagna is spacious and contains a variety of shops and cafes, at the bottom of the steps.
Address: Piazza di Spagna, 00187 Roma RM, Italy.
5. Corte Suprema di Cassazione
Right near The Vatican City this is an amazing building. The architecture is breathtaking. Not like most of the historical areas nearby this building dates from the 1920’s. Rome’s Palace of Justice, the seat of the Supreme Court of Cassation is a giant structure that dominates the banks of the Tiber River in the Prati district. It is often called “Il Palazzaccio” and its large size, beautiful decorations and lengthy construction period make it a major point of attraction. It remains one of the most visited landmarks in Rome inspired by Renaissance and Baroque architecture. The Palace of Justice is a grand new building which followed the proclamation of Rome as the capital city of the Kingdom of Italy. You can get a good view of it from the bridge Ponte Umberto I or from the Piazza Cavour, so both front and back look impressive. It is completely covered with Travertine limestone inspired by late Renaissance and Baroque architecture.
Address: Palazzo di Giustizia, Piazza Cavour, 00193 Roma RM, Italy.
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6. Roman Forum
Possibly one of the most important landmarks in Rome, the Roman Forum is an ancient site that consists of many ruins that were once the center of Roman public and political life. Various temples, squares, and arches stood here including the temples of Saturn, Titus, and Vesta and the Arch of Severus. Many of these structures still stand today and you can still see some of the arches and building foundations and walls. Located next to the Colosseum and Altar of the Fatherland, the Roman Forum really is an important site for your consideration.
Address: Via della Salara Vecchia, Roma RM, Italy.
It is believed that the extraordinary architecture of Pantheon is more than 2000 years old. As a temple for the Roman gods, it was built by the Roman Emperor Hadrian. Along with famous Renaissance painters, Great Italian kings and Raphael are buried in the Pantheon. For thousands of years, the dome and its most fascinating aspect stand tall without any damage. Architects today are still in amaze because of its construction. Its interiors are shaped as a cylinder with no windows and just the hole on the top, which is called the eye of the Pantheon or the Oculus. The architecture of this ancient landmark in Rome is one of the best-preserved buildings from Ancient Rome.
Address: Piazza della Rotonda, Rome, Italy.
8. Piazza Navona
The Piazza Navona was built in the 15th century, built on the site of the stadium of Domitian, and has remained a popular attraction ever since. This landmark of Rome Italy located in close proximity to the Pantheon and the Trevi Fountain, the square is a great place to visit whilst walking through the city center. This large square is usually full of street vendors and the surrounding buildings frame the open space perfectly and artists too.
Address: Piazza Navona, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
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9. Castel Sant’Angelo
The Castle Saint Angelo also is known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian. This Roman landmark was created in 129 AD, the castle is truly ancient and was originally intended to serve as a Mausoleum for the Emperor. Today the castle stands as a museum and contains wonderful exhibits about the history of the structure throughout history. Now the castle became part of the Vatican state and was connected to St. Peter’s Basilica via a huge corridor. The corridor name is the Passetto di, Borgo.
Address: Lungotevere Castello, 50, 00193 Roma RM, Italy.
10. Palatine Hill
Palatine Hill is one of the famous landmarks in Rome Italy and is the central most hill in the Tiber region. It provides a fantastic viewing position standing 40 meters above the historical Roman Forum and from here you can see the expanse of Rome laid out before your eyes. This is the location where the legendary Romulus and Remus were supposedly found who then went on to build the city of Rome in Roman mythology.
Address: Palatine Hill, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy.
11. Il Vittoriano
Another building which was built between 1885 – 1925 to honor Victor Emmanuel who was the first king of Italy. This popular landmark in Rome is so grandiose and ornate that it’s almost overwhelming. The tomb of the unknown soldier is sobering and almost diverts attention from the magnificent statues of horse drawn chariots on the roof of this enormous building. The detail of the interior is incredible and the artworks are spectacular. You can also take the lift to ‘il Cielo sopra Roma’ to see the 360-degree views over both modern and Ancient Rome. Well worth the extensive waiting time for the lift to the rooftop.
Address: Piazza Venezia, 00186 Roma RM, Italy.
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12. Galleria Borghese
Galleria Borghese, a landmark of Rome was established in 1903, the Borghese complex is found in the northern part of the inner city next to the Via Pinciana road. The Galleria Borghese is an important art museum situated in the Borghese Villa complex that contains a myriad of fine paintings, sculptures, and antiques. The impressive building has a beautiful and ornate front facade that has many stone statues and decorations. Galleria Borghese is spread across twenty different rooms, the extensive Borghese collection includes works by Raphael, Caravaggio, Rubens, and Titan.
Address: Piazzale Scipione Borghese, Roma RM, Italy.
13. Piazza del Popolo
The Piazza del Popolo is one of the finest squares in the world and literally translates as a square of the people. This landmark in Rome Surrounded by historical structures such as the Chiesa di Santa Maria del Miracoli, the Porta del Popolo gateway and the Basilica Parrocchiale, the squares offer a great deal to explore. To the immediate east of the square lies the Pincio hill which offers fantastic views of the Piazza and of Rome.
Address: Piazza del Popolo, 00187 Roma RM, Italy.
14. Ara Pacis
Because it fuses new and old in a truly innovative way, the contemporary Ara Pacis Museum is a fascinating sight. The museum’s unique structure was designed by American architect Richard Meier in 2006 to act as a home for a single (but exquisite) ancient altar. Dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace, the elaborately carved marble structure was once part of a massive complex. Built in 13 BC to mark the return of the Emperor Augustus to Rome, the altar was reassembled in its current location near the Tiber River in 1938. Since the end of the Fascist era, this heritage landmark in Rome was the first architectural space to be built in the historical centre of Rome.
Address: Lungotevere in Augusta, 00186 Roma RM, Italy.
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15. St Peter’s Square
St Peter’s Square is one of the most important places and historical landmarks in Rome where many significant events have taken place. It is located at the front of the Vatican state, the square is actually circular and is framed by two huge sets of colonnades. In the center is an imposing obelisk that was actually taken from Nero’s Circus and looks Egyptian rather than Roman. At the far end of the square stands the iconic St Peter’s Basilica and in front of this, a set of chairs is usually set out for papal ceremonies. Take in the enormity of the square, see the crowds of people hoping to catch a glimpse of the Pope and use this as a starting point to explore the Vatican.
Address: Piazza San Pietro, 00120 Vatican City Italy
16. St Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica stands as a true triumph to the power and decadence of the catholic religion and it is held as one of the holiest shrines for its followers. It is one of the oldest landmarks in Rome. Standing at the far end of St. Peter’s Square, the Basilica has a beautifully designed front facade and is crowned with statues of the Apostles and Jesus. The architecture and decoration inside the Basilica are simply divine and it is regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. You will be amazed at the sheer amount of decoration and detail, and how the light falls in stunning rays at certain points during the day.
Address: Piazza San Pietro, 00120 Città del Vaticano, Vatican City.
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Hence we discussed all the most visited landmarks in Rome which contains their proper address, duration to visit there and other related information. Hope you have gathered information about the top landmarks in Rome. If you are interested in exploring them and want to discover information about Rome, kindly read my other articles as well which could be beneficial for you. Please like, comment and share this article.