Most Visited Monuments in Somalia l Famous Monuments in Somalia

Are you looking to explore the history of Somalia through the ages? There are a number of historical monuments in Somalia including the time-honored buildings, landmarks palaces, and parks where you can learn about the glorious past of Somalia. The presence of these historical sites and museums will take you on a walk through Somalia’s rich history. If you are willing to have in-depth historical information about Somalia, we recommend that you take a wonderful guided tour to cover the major historical attractions. Also, check the opening and closing time for each so that you can organize your time. Make sure that you go through the complete list of monuments in Somalia for a great trip!

List of Monuments in Somalia

1. Cave Art Of Laas Geel

natural monument in Somalia

Cave Art Of Laas Geel

This is perhaps the most famous attraction in the country. It is situated in the vicinity of Hargeisa, Somalia. Historians say that these amazing paintings are artworks from 9000BC. Tourists who are fond of seeing primitive art and culture should not miss this popular monument in Somalia. These ancient paintings were discovered in a complex of caves by a French archaeological team in 2002 near Hargeisa. They are thought to have existed many years ago, these Neolithic paintings are well preserved, depicting cattle in ceremonial robes, along with indigenous humans, dogs, antelopes, and giraffes. The site has become a major tourist attraction and is considered an important artifact of a little-known early civilization since its discovery.

Address: Hargeisa, Somalia

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3. National Museum of Somalia

natural monument in Somalia

National Museum of Somalia

Another important monument in Somalia to learn about the country is the National Museum of Somalia. Including coins and bartering tools, items of pottery, ancient weaponry, and traditional artwork, the museum holds many culturally significant artifacts. Interestingly, the building in which the museum is housed in a historical artifact. The historical building was once built for the Sultan of Zanzibar and its Arabian style architecture is interesting. Not only into a specific region but into the country as a whole a trip, this museum will provide insight. 

Address: Wadada Muxamad Xarbi, Mogadishu

3. Ruins of Mogadishu Cathedral

natural monument in Somalia

Ruins of Mogadishu Cathedral

The Cathedral has barely survived the decades of civil war, built during the colonial years of Italian Somaliland. It was badly damaged during fighting in the 1990s, then severely bombed by Islamists in 2008. Some stone walls and arches of this famous monument in Somalia remain as testament to the old building. As a sign of religious harmony, the new Somali Government has mentioned the possibility of rebuilding the Cathedral.

Address: Mogadishu, Somalia

4. Naaso-blood

historic site in Somalia


The two peaks known as Naaso-blood are landmarks of Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland. The name refers to the shape of the peaks. The pyramid shapes have also prompted some people to suggest that these peaks might have been created by humans, like pyramids in Egypt (Giza). Sada Mire carried out a survey and found that the two peaks are natural and not man-made structures at one of the peaks of Naaso-blood in 2007. However,  as settlement at different times, it is possible that the shelters provided by the natural overhang of the peaks have been utilized by people. There are stone tools found at this historic site in Somalia.

Address: Naasa Hablood, Somalia

5. Arba-Rucun Mosque (Mosque of the Four Pillars)

historic site in Somalia

Arba-Rucun Mosque

Owing to the city’s Islamic heritage, one of few things the city’s various warlords can agree on, this 1269 mosque has been luckier than the neighboring cathedral, and is one of the very few historic buildings in Somalia (in the historic center which is not a ruin). It’s said to have been built by a direct descendant of the Prophet Mohammed. 

Address: Shangani, Mogadishu, Somalia.

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6. Berbera Seaside

historic site in Somalia

Berbera Seaside

In Somalia, there are several beaches but the beach area which takes the cake is the Berbera Seaside in the Sahil region near Hargeisa. The Berbera Seaside area boasts gorgeous beaches that are not yet spoiled by tourism and overdevelopment, the bluest waters, and the softest sands. This region is not only easy on the eyes, but is perfect for water sports, including scuba diving, fishing, snorkeling, and surfing. Some of the world’s best coral reefs are also located in this beautiful landmark in Somalia, which makes for an added bonus when exploring the deep blue. 

Address: Berbera District, Woqooyi Galbeed, Somaliland.

7. Kismayo National Park

historic site in Somalia

Kismayo National Park

Somalia is evident in the plethora of national parks and is rich in natural beauty. One of the most popular parks is Kismayu National Park in the southwest region. Kismayu is one of the only parks and also a natural monument in Somalia which is home to many animals like the Somali sheep and the Somali wild ass that is native to the East African region. Including wildlife safari tours to observe such African games as lions, leopards, zebras, wild boars, and antelopes, there are many opportunities for outdoor adventures.

Address: Southwest Somalia

8. Shanghai Old City

historic site in Somalia

Shanghai Old City

Located in the heart of Mogadishu, Shanghai Old City is one of the most popular landmarks in Somalia and is best known for its interesting and unique Chinese architecture. During the civil war, this relatively wealthy area has been controlled by warlords at different periods. Shanghai Old City is well worth a visit and is perhaps the most beautiful part of the city and, when not entangled in a struggle for power. 

Address: Southern Mogadishu.

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9. Maduna

historic site in Somalia


Maduna in the Sanaag region near to the town of Eel Afwayn is a major site of the Islamic period with the architecture of probably early medieval times, located on high ground in a mountainous landscape. There are standing house structures with some rooms still with roofs. The locals warn about the snakes they have encountered at this ancient monument of Somalia at various times.]

Address: Maduna, Somalia

10. Hargeisa Provincial Museum

historic site in Somalia

Hargeisa Provincial Museum

The Hargeisa Provincial Museum is not to be missed because it is an important museum chronicling the ethnographic and cultural history and development of the Somali people, and particularly those living in Somaliland. The cultural monument in Somalia, which has been open since 1977, displays artifacts representing Somali culture, which oftentimes have come straight from Hargeisa residents’ homes. The museum was once part of a larger cultural center comprised of a library and a theater. Today, showcasing over 1,400 cultural items and information about the region, the museum has exhibited. Anyone interested in learning about how Somaliland came to be, and the history of the people who live here, should make a turn at this fascinating place. 

Address: Arwada Road, Hargeisa, Somaliland 

So far we have discussed the best monuments in Somalia, which contains the proper information regarding all the most visited monuments in Somalia. I hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about Somalia then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about.

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